 # git

My personal website source code

```commit 6b128d811ae4505bc4651ffd5cf3dc7f05d19618
parent e4d9b34a90b5b15bee9607bc3bf81c6044ccc655
Author: Luís Ferreira <[email protected]>
Date:   Wed,  1 Dec 2021 19:37:57 +0000

posts: Add 'Zettelkasten #2: Solution for Advent of Code 2021, Day 1'

Signed-off-by: Luís Ferreira <[email protected]>

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Acontent/posts/zet-2-aoc-2021-01.md | 137+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
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```1 file changed, 137 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
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+---
+title: 'Zettelkasten #2: Solution for Advent of Code 2021, Day 1'
+date: '2021-12-01T18:03:00+01:00'
+tags: ['zettelkasten', 'zet', 'dlang', 'aoc', 'aoc2021', 'adventofcode']
+description: "This post describes, in detail, my solution for the 1st puzzle
+of the Advent of Code 2021."
+---
+
+## The challenge
+
+> As the submarine drops below the surface of the ocean, it automatically
+> performs a sonar sweep of the nearby sea floor. On a small screen, the sonar
+> sweep report (your puzzle input) appears: each line is a measurement of the
+> sea floor depth as the sweep looks further and further away from the
+> submarine.
+>
+> [...]
+>
+> The first order of business is to figure out how quickly the depth increases,
+> just so you know what you're dealing with - you never know if the keys will
+> get carried into deeper water by an ocean current or a fish or something.
+>
+> To do this, count the number of times a depth measurement increases from the
+> previous measurement. (There is no measurement before the first measurement.)
+>
+> [...]
+
+You can read the challenge more in depth,
+
+## Part 1
+
+The idea here is to create duplicate version of the values array but shifted,
+to zip and compare those two value groups afterwards:
+
+```d
+auto a = [199, 200, 208, 210, 200, 207, 240, 269, 260, 263]; // initial array
+[0, 199, 200, 208, 210, 200, 207, 240, 269, 260] // shifted by one
+
+zip(a, 0 ~ a[0 .. \$ - 1]) // zipped ranges
+```
+
+But we now trim the first value of each zipped group. To do this efficiently,
+without any reallocation, we can offset on of the arrays by one and slice the
+other one with the right length:
+
+```d
+auto a = [ 199, 200, 208, 210, 200, 207, 240, 269, 260, 263]; // initial array
+a[1 .. \$] // array slice with an offset
+a[0 .. \$ - 1] // slice without the last element
+
+zip(a[1 .. \$], a[0 .. \$ - 1]) // zipped ranges wo/ the 1st element
+```
+
+Finally we can calculate the difference between the zipped values by mapping
+them:
+
+```d
+auto z = zip(a[1 .. \$], a[0 .. \$ - 1]);
+auto diff = z.map!"a - a"; // mapped difference
+
+diff.writeln; // [1, 8, 2, -10, 7, 33, 29, -9, 3]
+```
+
+Now that have an array with the calculated differences, we just need to count
+the positive values:
+
+```d
+auto diff = z.map!"a - a"; // mapped difference
+auto p = diff.count!"a > 0"; // count positives
+
+p.writeln; // 7
+```
+
+### Full solution
+
+```d
+[stdin.byLine().map!(to!long).array]        // input
+    .map!(r => zip(r[1 .. \$], r[0 .. \$-1])) // zip w/ shifted range
+    .front.map!(z => z - z)           // calculate diffs
+    .count!"a > 0".writeln;                 // count positives
+```
+
+## Part 2
+
+> Considering every single measurement isn't as useful as you expected: there's
+> just too much noise in the data. Instead, consider sums of a
+> three-measurement sliding window.
+>
+> [...]
+>
+> Your goal now is to count the number of times the sum of measurements in this
+> sliding window increases from the previous sum.
+
+The second part is slightly different, as we need to group the values in groups
+of three. Taking the same principle of the first part, we can shift and offset
+the initial array to create the groups:
+
+```d
+auto g = zip(r[0 .. \$ - 2], r[1 .. \$ - 1], r[2 .. \$]); // zip three slices
+```
+
+Now we just sum the values of each group, by mapping them and sum the expanded
+version of the group:
+
+```d
+auto g = zip(r[0 .. \$ - 2], r[1 .. \$ - 1], r[2 .. \$]); // zip three slices
+auto s = g.map!(e => sum([e.expand])); // sum the values
+
+s.writeln; // [607, 618, 618, 617, 647, 716, 769, 792]
+```
+
+With those values summed up, we replicate the same exact thing from the first
+part.
+
+### Full solution
+
+```d
+[[stdin.byLine().map!(to!long).array]                        // input
+    .map!(r => zip(r[0 .. \$ - 2], r[1 .. \$ - 1], r[2 .. \$])) // group values
+    .front.map!(e => sum([e.expand])).array]                 // sum each group
+    .map!(r => zip(r[1 .. \$], r[0 .. \$-1]))                  // zip w/ shifted range
+    .front.map!"a - a"                                 // calculate diffs
+    .count!"a > 0".writeln;                                  // count positives
+```
+
+### Clever solution
+
+Thanks to `u/Jlobblet` [on